The cultivation of cashew is gaining new impetus in Paraíba as of Friday (17), with the beginning of the program of revitalization of the culture, beginning with the municipality of Bernardino Batista, in Sertão, where will be delivered 10,500 seedlings of early cashew variety CCP -76. The action is an initiative of the State Government, through the State Agricultural Research Company (Emepa), a member of Unified Management, linked to the State Secretariat for Agricultural Development and Fisheries (Sedap), begins at 8am in the Gymnasium Of Sports Sérgio Francisco de Sousa, next to the office of the local Emater.
The project, called Expansion of Cajucultura, is the result of an agreement in the amount of R $ 16 thousand, signed between the Municipality of Bernardino Batista and Emepa – GU, responsible for the production of seedlings. According to the president of the Unified Management, Nivaldo Magalhães, is a pilot project that aims at revitalizing the cashew culture in the municipality and will serve as a model and reference also to other cultures of the other municipalities of Paraíba.
He recalled that the prolonged drought had wiped out almost the entire cashew crop in Paraíba. “Before the dry season, we had 12 thousand hectares planted, and today, I doubt if we have around 3 thousand hectares. Currently, the majority of cashews and nuts consumed in the states come from Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará and Piauí, “he said.
According to the president of Unified Management, the goal of the project is to contemplate 50 farmers families, selected and assisted by Emater with one hectare each. Planting begins on Friday, shortly after the seedlings are delivered. The seedlings were produced at the Experimental Station José Irineu Cabral, certified by the Ministry of Agriculture. Through the agreement, Emepa and Emater will bring researchers and agricultural technicians to give lectures and training of farmers benefited on the technologies of cultivation and with that to guarantee aggregation of value and income.
The seedlings are already in the office of Emater in Bernardino Batista, where they were received by the head of the Operator Unit of Emater, José Andomares Fernandes, to be passed on to the contemplated farmers. The work will be followed by the head of the regional office of Emater in Cajazeiras, Edilson Pereira.
According to the head of the office of local Emater, Andomares Fernandes, in total will be attended more than 200 families living in the rural communities of Alto de Boa Vista, Baixio dos Galdinos, Barbosa, Boré, Bulandera, Cabeça, Cacimbas, Cafundó, Cosmo de Brito, Egidio, Mariano, Ponta da Serra and Serra do Padre. He explained that all the beneficiaries of the project already have experience with cashew cultivation and have been showing interest in expanding their activities with this crop, as another source of income.
For Mayor Gervázio Gomes dos Santos, cashew farming is one of the main activities of the municipality of Bernardino Batista, so it is seeking its expansion in an area that has experience with this culture, in order to promote economic and social improvement and, with this , Contribute to the environmental sustainability of the region.
All the seedlings production was guided by the researchers Rodrigo Andrade de Araujo Fagundes and Hélio Fernandes de Souza, with the accompaniment of the technical director of Emepa, Manuel Duré. This first agreement with the municipality of Bernardino Batista will serve as a model for other prefectures interested in expanding this culture.