The world’s 7th biggest greenhouse gas polluter pledged an absolute reduction in greenhouse gas emissions on Sunday, in a global pact against climate change.
Brazil announced its agreement to cut emissions by 37% by 2025 by reducing deforestation and increasing the use of renewable sources.
Brazil has already achieved significant emissions cuts in the past decade primarily due to efforts to reduce deforestation in the Amazon.
By 2030, Brazil aims to get 66% of its electricity from hydro-power via its large dams and 23% from other renewable sources including wind, solar and biomass creating an intended emissions reduction of 43%.
The target would reduce Brazilian emissions from the current level of 1.6bn tonnes a year to 1.5bn tonnes by 2025 and 1.3bn tonnes by 2030.
The Brazilian president also announced that the country will strive to end illegal deforestation by the same year.
“Our goals are just as ambitious, if not more so, than those set by developed countries,” President Dilma Rousseff said as she announced the targets at the UN in New York.
In talks on the new climate agreement, developed countries are expected to shoulder the biggest responsible for cutting emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The US has pledged a reduction of 26-28% between 2005 and 2025 with major developing countries such as China and South Africa pledging to rein in their emissions as their economies expand.
Source The Guardian
Germany and Brazil have taken a joint stance on climate change, putting the largest economies in Europe and Latin America on the same page ahead of global climate talks in Paris in December.
Chancellor Angela Merkel and Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff focused mainly on environmental cooperation during a 24-hour visit by the German leader that was also aimed at boosting trade and investment in Brazil’s stagnant economy.
Rousseff stated “We agreed on common actions to deal with one of the most important challenges of the 21st Century,” She said Brazil is committed to reducing deforestation in the Amazon to zero by 2030. Rousseff declared Brazilian support for de-carbonising the global economy by the end of the century.
Putting money behind its commitment, the German government announced 550 million euro’s ($615.78 million) in financing for environmental and clean energy programs in Brazil. Germany’s Development Ministry will provide Brazil 525 million euro’s ($588 million) in loans to fund the development of renewable energy sources and to preserve tropical forests.
Germany also donated 23 million euro’s ($25.7 million) to help Brazil establish a rural land registry aimed at enhanced monitoring of deforestation.
With attention on the Brazilian election, new reports show that Global Development changes under the presidencies of Lula and Rousseff’s ‘Worker’s Party’ governments have drastically reduced deforestation in the Amazon over the last 10 years.
The report noted that Brazils success in the last decade in bringing its deforestation frontier under control has been ‘astonishing’ following an 80% decrease from a high of 27,800 km² in 2004 to 5,800 km² in 2013. However, despite the decrease the report noted that deforestation in the Amazon is still much too high.
Brazil is now applauded internationally as the country that has made the world’s largest contribution to mitigating climate change and has done so by protecting more areas of indigenous lands in addition to law enforcement actions.
That along with the implementation of satellite monitoring and the 2008 Amazon Fund financing projects has aided in a substantial reduction of deforestation and promoted sustainability.
“South Americas largest Nation has achieved this by demonstrating that success is possible, creating new technology and policy measures and also establishing a model of international payment-for-performance finance that is acceptable to both domestic and international constituencies for sustainable development” says the authors of the report.
The Amazon Rainforest, known as Amazonia, covers 7,000,000 km² of South America, 60% of which is contained in Brazil with the remaining stretched over 8 adjoining countries. The Amazon represents over half of the earth’s remaining rainforests and comprises the largest and most bio-diverse tropical rainforest in the world.